Topham Beauclerc, Mr. Garrick, Dr.
Goldsmith, Sir Joshua Reynolds, Mr. Colman, Sir William Jones, Dr. Percy, Mr. Fox, Mr. Sheridan, Mr. Adam Smith, Mr.
Romantic Textualities: Literature and Print Culture, –
Steevens, Mr. Dunning, Sir Joseph Banks, Dr. Warton, and his brother Mr. Thomas Warton, Dr. Gibbon's Life, written by himself, probably for the use of some foreign journalist or translator, contains no fact not mentioned in his English Life. He there describes himself with his usual candour.
For the last eight years he has assisted at the most important deliberations, but he never found in himself either courage or talent sufficient to speak in a public assembly. This sketch was written before the publication of his three last volumes, as in closing it he says of his history—this enterprise still requires from him several years of continued application; but whatever may be its success, he finds in this very application a pleasure ever varied and ever new.
Mably was a lover of virtue and freedom; but his virtue was austere, and his freedom was impatient of an equal. Robertson, and tutti quanti can be injurious only to himself. Gibbon, who, in his never ending history of the Roman Emperors, interrupts every instant his slow and insipid narration to explain to you the causes of events that you are going to read.
See another passage, p. Hayley's Works, 8vo. Taylor's private religion. His book is a thorough mixture of high enthusiasm and low buffoonery, and the Millennium is a fundamental article of his creed. Joseph Milner pronounces an anathema against all rational religion. His faith is a divine taste, a spiritual inspiration; his church is a mystic and invisible body: the natural Christians, such as Mr. Locke, who believe and interpret the Scriptures, are, in his judgment, no better than profane infidels. Burke, was heard by all sides of the house, and even by those whose existence he proscribed.
Speech on the Bill of Reform, p. The Lords of Trade blushed at their insignificancy, and Mr.
Eden's appeal to the 2, volumes of our Reports, served only to excite a general laugh. I take this opportunity of certifying the correctness of Mr. Burke's printed speeches, which I have heard and read. Dear Sir,—Yesterday I received a very interesting communication from my friend, the attorney-general, whose kind and honourable behaviour towards me I must always remember with the highest gratitude.
He informed me that, in consequence of an arrangement, a place at the board of trade was reserved for me, and that as soon as I signified my acceptance of it, he was satisfied no farther difficulties would arise.
My answer to him was sincere and explicit. I told him that I was far from approving all the past measures of the administration, even some of those in which I myself had silently concurred: that I saw, with the rest of the world, many capital defects in the characters of some of the present ministers, and was sorry that in so alarming a situation of public affairs, the country had not the assistance of several able and honest men who are now in opposition.
But that I had not formed with any of those persons in opposition any engagements or connexions which could in the least restrain or affect my parliamentary conduct; that I could not discover among them such superior advantages, either of measures or of abilities, as could make me consider it as a duty to attach myself to their cause; and that I clearly understood, from the public and private language of - - - - -, one of their leaders, that in the actual state of the country, he himself was seriously of opinion that opposition could not tend to any good purpose, and might be productive of much mischief; that, for those reasons, I saw no objections which could prevent me from accepting an office under the present government, and that I was ready to take a step which I found to be consistent both with my interest and my honour.
It must now be decided, whether I may continue to live in England, or whether I must soon withdraw myself into a kind of philosophical exile in Switzerland.
My father left his affairs in a state of embarrassment, and even of distress. My attempts to dispose of a part of my landed property have hitherto been disappointed, and are not likely at present to be more successful: and my plan of expense, though moderate in itself, deserves the name of extravagance, since it exceeds my real income. The addition of the salary which is now offered will make my situation perfectly easy; but I hope you will do me the justice to believe that my mind could not be so, unless I were satisfied of the rectitude of my own conduct.
Gibbon had represented in parliament. Gibbon's Common-place Book. Paul's, was born at Litchfield on the 21st of December, , O. A few days before his death he finished the memoirs of his own life, which have been prefixed to an edition of his posthumous works, first published in quarto, and since republished in six volumes octavo. Some books were published in , which employed some of the Bishop's leisure hours, and during his illness.
Gibbon's History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire he read throughout, but it by no means answered his expectation; for he found it rather a prolix and tedious performance, his matter uninteresting, and his style affected; his testimonies not to be depended upon, and his frequent scoffs at religion offensive to every sober mind. He had before been convicted of making false quotations, which should have taught him more prudence and caution. But, without examining his authorities, there is one which must necessarily strike every man who has read Dr.
Burnet's Treatise de Statu Mortuorum. In vol. He afterwards exposes p. Who would not from hence infer that Dr. He has employed some chapters in treating of the state of human souls in the interval between death and the resurrection; and after various proofs from reason, from Scripture, and the Fathers, his conclusions are, that human souls exist after their separation from the body, that they are in a good or evil state according to their good or ill behaviour, but that neither their happiness nor their misery will be complete or perfect before the day of judgment.
His argumentation is thus summed up at the end of the 4th chapter—'Ex quibus constat primo, animas superesse extincto corpore; secundo, bonas bene, malas male se habituras; tertio, nec illis summam felicitatem, nec his summam miseriam, accessuram esse ante diem judicii. The one entered upon it, but was soon wearied and laid it aside in disgust: the other returned it upon the bookseller's hands; and it is said that Mr.
Does the Bishop comply with his own precept in the next page? Have I ever insinuated that preferment-hunting is the great occupation of an ecclesiastical life? Memoirs passim that a minister's influence and a bishop's patronage are sometimes pledged eleven deep? Such things are more than insinuated in the Bishop's Life, which afforded some scandal to the church, and some diversion to the profane laity. I shall neither disclaim the allusion, nor examine the likeness; but the situation of the late King of France excludes all suspicion of flattery; and I am ready to declare that the concluding observations of my third volume were written before his accession to the throne.
Hume, brother to Sir Abraham. These three volumes were sent to press August 15th, , and the whole impression was concluded April following. Hayley, read after the Dinner at Mr. Cadell's, May 8, ; being the day of the publication of the three last volumes of Mr. Gibbon's History, and his Birthday. Genii of England and of Rome,. In mutual triumph here assume.
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And consecrate the festive day. To Friendship and to Fame! Enough, by Desolation's tide,. With anguish, and indignant pride,. Has Rome bewail'd her fate;. And mourn'd that time in Havoc's hour,. Defaced each monument of power. To speak her truly great:. O'er maim'd Polybius, just and sage,. O'er Livy's mutilated page,. How deep was her regret!
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Touch'd by this queen, in ruin grand. Glory, by an English hand,. Now pays a mighty debt. And raised like Rome's immortal fame,.