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Download PDF Northern Plant Lore: A Field Guide to the Ancestral Use of Plants in Northern Europe

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Collection of information, mainly from historic texts, about some common herbs used medicinally. View 1 comment. Sep 14, Diana Jones rated it it was amazing. Odinsson has crafted a very well written and attractive herbal book with the focus on plants and herbs that were used by his English and old Northern European ancestors using some very solid research foundations combined with his own studies and practices.

He also includes very thorough descriptions of each herb, such as where each plant is commonly found, how to cultivate and grow each plant, and how, or if, the plant can be added to your diet. Frankly I am thrilled to add this book to my personal library and I highly recommend it to anyone who has an interest in plant folklore or medicinal uses.

The only possible qualm I have about it is that this book is not available in a printed version. But I am more then happy to settle for an e-book version for now. Mark Allen rated it really liked it May 02, Etain rated it really liked it Dec 08, Trevor Trumbull rated it really liked it Nov 01, David rated it it was amazing Dec 10, Geoff Scott rated it really liked it Mar 08, Robert rated it really liked it Nov 26, Peter rated it did not like it May 09, Douglas Todd Scott rated it it was amazing Jul 24, Joshua rated it it was amazing Aug 06, May 14, Rick Smith rated it it was amazing.

Excellent historical and linguistic resource on european medicinal botany. Sean Cook rated it really liked it Jul 29, Ariell rated it liked it Jan 20, Ian rated it it was ok Dec 22, Spider Goddess rated it really liked it Jun 25, Laura Fuller rated it it was amazing Dec 03, Margiad rated it liked it Nov 07, Kelsey marked it as to-read Jul 03, Sara marked it as to-read Jul 05, Richard Rhea marked it as to-read Jul 14, Fiona Ferguson marked it as to-read Aug 21, Judy marked it as to-read Sep 01, Amanda marked it as to-read Nov 21, Samantha marked it as to-read Dec 02, Hawthorn M marked it as to-read Dec 02, Ivy marked it as to-read Dec 29, Kathleen marked it as to-read Feb 01, Crissy Hughes added it Mar 24, Raven marked it as to-read Jan 05, Trunatrschild marked it as to-read Sep 20, Scook marked it as to-read Nov 28, Brigid marked it as to-read Dec 30, John Morgan marked it as to-read Sep 26, Dylan Grant marked it as to-read Sep 26, Nastassja marked it as to-read Sep 06, SoutheastCoyote marked it as to-read Jul 06, Susan Griggs marked it as to-read Oct 29, Daniel Updike added it Feb 09, Trampas Jones marked it as to-read May 19, Allaya added it Aug 31, Sirona added it Jun 07, Vicki Mieth marked it as to-read Nov 08, A hallmark of RNA sequencing is its ability to provide a unbiased snap-shot of all viruses, and other RNA transcripts, that are actively expressed in a sample Utilising this technique we have demonstrated the presence of highly divergent novel RNA viruses in I.

In addition, as Norway nairovirus 1 and Norway phlebovirus 1 were also present in most sequence libraries, with samples originating from relatively geographically distant localities in Norway, it is also possible that these viruses are relatively common in I. Clearly, however, future studies need to be undertaken to determine if these viruses are present and prevalent in other geographic regions. Also of note was that these viruses were found between latitude To our knowledge this study, particularly the locality of Kanestraum at latitude It is evident that the currently known viral biodiversity has been systematically under-sampled and underestimated.

Clearly, meta-transcriptome sequencing enables more intricate studies aimed at understanding the fundamental patterns and processes of virus ecology and evolution. Although the sample size of ticks used in this study was relatively small, it was striking that so many novel viruses were identified from a geographically restricted sampling location, mainly southern Norway, matching the diversity of RNA viruses previously found in Asia and North America.

Clearly, such a relative abundance of viruses suggests that we are still only scratching the surface of the biodiversity of those viruses present in ticks on a global scale, and that larger and more systematic studies of I. Questing Ixodes ricinus nymphs and adults were collected by flagging the vegetation in different localities of Norway Fig. Crucially, a cold-chain was maintained during all laboratory work. Sequencing libraries were subsequently pooled in equimolar amounts. Each RNA sequence library was quality trimmed with trim galore www.

As an additional screening test, all potential virus assemblies were screened against the Conserved Doman Database www. To exclude possible endogenous viruses, all virus assemblies were blasted against the I. Finally, to assess mean sequence depth and relative frequency, the quality trimmed libraries were mapped back against all viral assemblies and the COX1 1 mitochondrial gene of I.

Following previous studies 1 we assume that a higher relative frequency suggests that the virus is more likely to be associated with ticks rather than being a component of diet or environment. Ambiguous regions in the alignments were removed with TrimAl v.

Curiosity: knowledge through the landscape

Following sequence alignment, ProtTest v. Phylogenetic trees were edited and visualised with FigTree v. All phylogenetic trees were mid-point rooted for purposes of clarity only.


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Trimmed multiple sequence alignments of bunya-, luteo-, mononega- and partiti-like viruses are available as supplementary data Supp. Shi, M.

Hugh B. Long

Redefining the invertebrate RNA virosphere. Nature , — Paez-Espino, D. Li, C. Guglielmone, A. The Argasidae, Ixodidae and Nuttalliellidae Acari: Ixodida of the world: a list of valid species names.

Why Herbalists Should Care About the Plant Families

Parola, P. Update on tick-borne rickettsioses around the world: A geographic approach. Bente, D. Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever: History, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical syndrome and genetic diversity. Antiviral Res. Tokarz, R. Virome analysis of Amblyomma americanum , Dermacentor variabilis , and Ixodes scapularis ticks reveals novel highly divergent vertebrate and invertebrate viruses. Divergent viruses discovered in arthropods and vertebrates revise the evolutionary history of the Flaviviridae and related viruses.


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    Walter, C. Recent advances in the molecular and cellular biology of bunyaviruses. Zhang, Y. The emergence and cross species transmission of newly discovered tick-borne Bunyavirus in China. Yu, X. Fever with thrombocytopenia associated with a novel bunyavirus in China. Savage, H. First detection of Heartland virus Bunyaviridae: Phlebovirus from field collected arthropods.

    Liu, Q. Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome, an emerging tick-borne zoonosis.

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    Lancet Infect. Moutailler, S. Diversity of viruses in Ixodes ricinus , and characterization of a neurotropic strain of Eyach virus. New Microbes New Infect. Kuhn, J. Genomic characterization of the genus Nairovirus family Bunyaviridae. Viruses 8 , Elliott, R. Emerging phleboviruses.

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    Eoghan Odinsson - Author of Northern Lore: Northern Plant Lore - Rosemary

    Ali, M. Luteovirus: insights into pathogenicity. Coffey, L. Enhanced arbovirus surveillance with deep sequencing: Identification of novel rhabdoviruses and bunyaviruses in Australian mosquitoes. Virology , — Afonso, C. Taxonomy of the order Mononegavirales: update Bourhy, H.

    Juliet Blankespoor

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